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This project used the development of teaching material as an intense competencies-building course with a particular focus on sensitive and controversial history. Old and new partners were involved on equal footing. This joint effort centrally aimed to strengthen history education by cross-border peer-learning and capacity building and collaborative creation of educational tools, in short: for a History that Connects. The effort also supported the challenging and encouraging development of history teaching, promotion of regional cooperation and professional development among associations, educators and historians at national and international level. The crowning achievement is the collaboratively produced alternative educational resource “Once Upon a Time…We Lived Together. Joint Work in a Multiperspective Approach on Shared history of 1900-1945”.

Project Aims

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Supporting the innovative professional development of history educators and history education in the Western Balkans to promote peace, stability and regional cooperation.

Adapting, professionalising and empowering a regional, innovative approach to the teaching of sensitive/controversial history in the countries of the Former Yugoslavia so it supports peace, stability in the Western Balkans.

  • A multi-lingual teaching resource with ready-to-use classroom material available for free (digital) and in hard form in all project languages.
  • A core team of 15 multiethnic history, heritage and citizenship educators contributing to an innovative, internationally-recognised best-practice educational resource. Over 700 history educators involved in the project.
  • Involvement of gender-balanced mix of educators from majority and minority in all countries involved in 14 national events.
  • An outreach strategy implemented including social Network campaign, web development about the project and uploading of the educational resources allowing free access globally in 8 languages and audiovisual documentation of the project. Target groups have free access and contribute to the social network campaign.
  • National Curricula recommendations, Lobby and Network meetings on a local and international level, Regional Educational recommendations for teaching sensitive history,  including Governmental, Intergovernmental and Nongovernmental representatives.


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  • The multi-lingual teaching resource “Once upon a time…we lived together”  has been successfully published in eight languages and has been positively evaluated.
  • The educational resource was developed by an extended group of 35 history educators from all project countries, working in schools, research institutes, museums and universities. The final editing was done by an elected team of 7 editors – one from every country.
  • National events took place, involving 700 individuals.  In all events, all aspects of diversity were present, including gender, ethnicity, age and socio-economic background.
  • Detailed curricula analyses and recommendations have been made in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and Macedonia.
  • The project contributed to a multi-perspective understanding of very sensitive history in the period 1900-1945. The key to this achievement has been the insistence on the regional collection of primary source material to be purposed in active learning and ready-to-use lesson plans.


Educational resource:

Once Upon a Time…We Lived Together: Ordinary People in an Extraordinary Country, Every Day Life in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia 1945-1990.Yugoslavia between East and West.

Individual chapters availabe online in Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, English, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Serbian, and Slovenian here.

External review:

External Review – Once Upon a Time

Supported by



Bosnian History Teachers’ Association


Croatian History Teachers’ Association


History Teachers’ Association of Kosovo


History Teachers’ Association of Macedonia


History Teachers’ Association of Montenegro


Association for Social History in Serbia


Slovenian History Teachers’ Association

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Project Managers

Joke van der Leeuw-Roord, EuroClio Executive Director

Jonathan Even-Zohar, EuroClio Director (former EuroClio Project Manager)



Bojana Dujković – Blagojević.



Melisa Forić, Igor Jovanović, Mire Mladenovski, Marjeta Šifrer, Miloš Vukanović, Donika Xhemajli, Emina Živković.



Bojana Dujkovic-Blagojevic, Denis Detling, Besnik Emini, Melisa Foric, Kiti Jurica Korda, Ljiljana Lazarevic, Mire Mladenovski, Irena Paradzik Kovacic, Nenad Perosevic, Arber Salihu, Milos Vukanovic, Donika Xhemajli, Vanja Zidar Smic, Emina Zivkovic.



Bahrudin Besirevic, Marija Brkuljan, Samojko Cvijanovic, Fetnan Dervis, Ivana Dobrivojevic, Ljupka Hristova, Igor Jovanovic, Petar Lekic, Helena Mesnjak, Goran Miloradovic, Sanja Peresa-Macuka, Edin Radusic, Jelka Razpotnik, Marjeta Sifrer, Valentina Stamenkovic, Iljo Trajkovski.


Advisors and Trainers:

Peter Collins, Cecyl Esau, John Hamer, Hrovje Klasic, Snjezana Koren, Jan Lofstrom, Eyal Naveh, Daniela Zunzer.