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About the Project

The project Decisions and Dilemmas: Learning about the EU from a historical perspective engages a cross-border and mixed group of academics and school educators in the fields of history and citizenship into the collaborative development, testing and implementation of online cross-border educational modules for both history and citizenship at secondary school level. These modules will offer multi-perspective sources and learner-centered activities setting the emergence of post-1945 European cooperation into its historical context. The project will build the capacity of over 50 history and citizenship educators from the EuroClio network to teach the history of European integration in a way that is both academically sound and relevant for nowadays’ youth. It will engage a highly motivated and capable group of practitioners into cross-border cooperation and collaborative tool development that will bring them into direct contact with recent research in the field of the history of European integration. The modules will be integrated to a comprehensive body of sources, case studies and learning activities featuring on Historiana (historiana.eu), an online educational portal developed by EuroClio to provide access to high-quality resources that are selected, developed and tested in order to promote active learning, critical thinking and multi-perspectivity in history.

Project Aims

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  • To promote competence-based, learner-centred, multiperspective approaches to history and citizenship education, in a way that shows the relevance and significance of learning about the EU nowadays
  • To make students understand the changing context in which the European Institutes operates.
  • To make students understand European integration was a way to promote peace in the context of previous failures.
  • To show how European integration has been different from other initiatives for cooperation in terms of including economic cooperation, political structures, build-in sovereignty.
  • To provide background on how the first Post-War European Initiatives developed in the context of its time.
  • To enable students to put themselves in the shoes of people living at the time.
  • To show that policy makers had to balance different internal interests and take into account external factors.
  • To create an awareness of the complexity of international decision-making/diplomacy.

Expected Outcomes

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  • Multiperspective, transnational timeline on the EU in the context of the long search for peace.
  • Transnational Evidence Files and Families Life Stories in post-WW2 Europe to give a sense of time and period and enable students to put themselves in the shoes of people living at the time.
  • A multi-stranded timeline on the EU in the context of a changing world with strands on the global context, the European context and European Initiatives.
  • One decision-making activity on key decision making moments of the EU in the context of a changing world.
  • ‘Short History of the EU project ‘, on how to make a decision making activity around a key issue for the European Union, and on how to write a short biography to get a sense of time


Decisions and Dilemmas – Learning about the EU from a historical perspective Report

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Supported by

Erasmus+ Jean Monnet 2014

Erasmus+ Jean Monnet 2014

A Historiana Project


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Judith Geerling (EuroClio)

Steven Stegers (EuroClio)


Development team: Edgars Berzins, Francesco Scatigna, Marjeta Šifrer, Helen Snelson, Ineke Veldhuis-Meester.

Advisory team: Raphaela Averkorn, Léonce Bekemans, Fernando Guirao, Robert Stradling.